Understanding the Principles of Insurance

The seven Principles of insurance state the different groups that are insurable. They are classified both for the sake of organization, and so that insurance companies can decide which area of expertise they would like to specialize in as an organization.

The first of the Principles of insurance is dealing with a large amount of the same type of policy. This is commonly thought of in auto insurance. Over a hundred million drivers in the United States alone carry auto insurance, and they do so because the companies have discovered the way to balance the risk with the proper funds.

Five of the seven principles involve loss categories. Definite loss deals with loss that is a guarantee, such as life insurance. Accidental loss would be associated with renter’s or fire insurance. There is not a guarantee of theft or fire, so each individual case is evaluated before coverage is assigned. Large loss deals with coverages of items that are of great value to the buyer. Great care must be placed in these policies, as the amount of capital needed to replenish these losses may be great.

The fifth loss principle deals with limiting the amount of loss from a catastrophe, such as an act of God. Acts of God include floods, hurricanes, and many other meteorological events. The insurance company takes care to write into the policy that a total amount of capital can be distributed based on the number of policy holders affected. For instance, if a thousand people with the same coverage are hit by a tornado, the company can limit their risk through this principle.

The final principle is the affordable premium. A balance must be struck between the client and the company as to what is a sensible amount to pay for the term of the policy. This is crucial to the success of the company, and is assessed at the outlook of the policy.

These Principles of insurance are the foundation of a healthy insurance group. Using them is the key to offering smart insurance and making a sensible profit.


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