Know the Basic Principles of Insurance!

Insurance contracts operate on the basis of five major principles. Every investor who plans to enter into a contract with an insurance company should know the basic principles so that the contract can remain valid even in the event of a loss occurring. A person can get captive insurance from a company which is usually established with the aim of insuring risks that arise from their current group. Many people lack this knowledge and find it hard fulfilling all the necessary requirements to start a contract. The basic principles are briefly discussed below.

They include:

Principle of insurable interest. This principle states that an indemnity claim is not valid unless the person can prove that he/she has directly suffered a loss as a result of the calamity occurring. For example a person can indemnify the life of his children because there is sufficient insurable interest in case the children die.

Principle of Indemnity. It states that the company will only pay the replacement value of the property in case the person suffers a loss as a result of any incident. However this principle does not apply to life insurance policy but applies to all the other property insurance.

Principle of utmost good faith. It is also known as the principle of uberrima fidei. It states that the person taking a policy is supposed to disclose all the required and relevant material facts concerning the property or life to be indemnified with all honesty. Failure of disclosure of all relevant material facts will lead to the contract being null and void hence no compensation. One should be keen to ensure he/she does not over or under insure his/her property.

Principle of subrogation. In this principle, whatever of the property indemnified after the insured has been compensated becomes the property of the indemnifier. Take an example of a person who has indemnified his/her car against the risk of an accident. In the event that an accident occurs and the insured is compensated by being given a new car, then the damaged car becomes the property of the insurer.

Principle of proximate cause. This principle states that for the insured to be compensated, there must be a very close relationship between the loss suffered and the risk insured. It means that the loss must arise directly from the risk insured.

Before you decide to enter into a contract with a company, it is important to be aware and know all the basic principles of insurance. If you fulfill all the principles listed above, then your compensation is guaranteed.


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