How To Find Affordable Life Insurance Policies

All of us try to make our future secure. More than that we all try to make our family`s future secure. Though we are leading a peaceful and well settled life sometime we get awed by the unseen thought that if some untoward happen to us and our happy and secure family may come on the road. To think negative is not a good habit but so many such incidents happen in front of us every day that we can not avoid thinking about ourselves and get worried. So, to guaranty our and our family’s future we go for life insurance policies. But, here comes the question as which policy is affordable for us.

Before speaking about affordable life insurance policies it is necessary to first categories the section of people for whom the policies are meant for. Normally, there are three sections of people in our society i.e. rich, middle class and poor.

The poor sections are satisfied if they get their daily meal, some clothes and a shelter. They earn on daily basis and buy daily food for the family. They can hardly think about their future security. Further, they are not so aware about life insurance policies. If they are little bit literate then they keep some saved money in the bank.

In a middle class family the main source of income is job, agriculture or small business. The middle class people are the most aware about life insurance policies as they feel not so safe about other investment policies. These days, almost all the grown up members in a middle class family are well educated and earning either taking job or some other fields. So in such cases it is easy to take affordable life insurance policies for them. They should prepare a monthly budget of all the essential expense. Suppose an individual can save Rs 2000/- per month then he can choose Rs 12000/- half yearly premium policy. After deciding the amount of premium as how much you can afford it is to decide as which type of policy you want to go for. In the market there are so many types of policies like critical illness cover, accident cover, education, to protect the assets etc. So we can decide as which one suits us. Normally, only the head of the family worry to go for life insurance policies. But if the children are also working or earning it is better if they can also go for such policies according to their income.

As the rich section of people has big properties vast empire of business they normally have their own consultant for investment. Still, it is better for them to insure their property buy life insurance policies for self and family members to guaranty a secure future, as no one knows what happens tomorrow.

As we know that the amount of premium of life insurance policies is exempted from income tax it is always wise to calculate the income tax before going for the policies. This will do double profit of tax saving and a secure future as well.

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How an Insurance Policy Works

Insurance is synonymous to a lot of people sharing risks of losses expected from a supposed accident. Here, the costs of the losses will be borne by all the insurers.

For example, if Mr. Adam buys a new car and wishes to insure the vehicle against any expected accidents. He will buy an insurance policy from an insurance company through an insurance agent or insurance broker by paying a specific amount of money, called premium, to the insurance company.

The moment Mr. Adam pay the premium, the insurer (i.e. the insurance company) issue an insurance policy, or contract paper, to him. In this policy, the insurer analyses how it will pay for all or part of the damages/losses that may occur on Mr. Adam’s car.

However, just as Mr. Adam is able to buy an insurance policy and is paying to his insurer, a lot of other people in thousands are also doing the same thing. Any one of these people who are insured by the insurer is referred to as insured. Normally, most of these people will never have any form of accidents and hence there will be no need for the insurer to pay them any form of compensation.

If Mr. Adam and a very few other people has any form of accidents/losses, the insurer will pay them based on their policy.

It should be noted that the entire premiums paid by these thousands of insured is so much more than the compensations to the damages/losses incurred by some few insured. Hence, the huge left-over money (from the premiums collected after paying the compensations) is utilized by the insurer as follows:

1. Some are kept as a cash reservoir.

2. Some are used as investments for more profit.

3. Some are used as operating expenses in form of rent, supplies, salaries, staff welfare etc.

4. Some are lent out to banks as fixed deposits for more profit etc. etc.

Apart from the vehicle insurance taken by Mr. Adam on his new vehicle, he can also decide to insure himself. This one is extremely different because it involves a human life and is thus termed Life Insurance or Assurance.

Life insurance (or assurance) is the insurance against against certainty or something that is certain to happen such as death, rather than something that might happen such as loss of or damage to property.

The issue of life insurance is a paramount one because it concerns the security of human life and business. Life insurance offers real protection for your business and it also provides some sot of motivation for any skilled employees who decides to to join your organization.

Life insurance insures the life of the policy holder and pays a benefit to the beneficiary. This beneficiary can be your business in the case of a key employee, partner, or co-owner. In some cases, the beneficiary may be one’s next of kin or a near or distant relation. The beneficiary is not limited to one person; it depends on the policy holder.

Life insurance policies exist in three forms:

• Whole life insurance

• Term Insurance

• Endowment insurance

Whole Life Insurance

In Whole Life Insurance (or Whole Assurance), the insurance company pays an agreed sum of money (i.e. sum assured) upon the death of the person whose life is insured. As against the logic of term life insurance, Whole Life Insurance is valid and it continues in existence as long as the premiums of the policy holders are paid.

When a person express his wish in taking a Whole Life Insurance, the insurer will look at the person’s current age and health status and use this data to reviews longevity charts which predict the person’s life duration/life-span. The insurer then present a monthly/quarterly/bi-annual/annual level premium. This premium to be paid depends on a person’s present age: the younger the person the higher the premium and the older the person the lower the premium. However, the extreme high premium being paid by a younger person will reduce gradually relatively with age over the course of many years.

In case you are planning a life insurance, the insurer is in the best position to advise you on the type you should take. Whole life insurance exists in three varieties, as follow: variable life, universal life, and variable-universal life; and these are very good options for your employees to consider or in your personal financial plan.

Term Insurance

In Term Insurance, the life of the policy-holder is insured for a specific period of time and if the person dies within the period the insurance company pays the beneficiary. Otherwise, if the policy-holder lives longer than the period of time stated in the policy, the policy is no longer valid. In a simple word, if death does not occur within stipulated period, the policy-holder receives nothing.

For example, Mr. Adam takes a life policy for a period of not later than the age of 60. If Mr. Adam dies within the age of less than 60 years, the insurance company will pay the sum assured. If Mr. Adam’s death does not occur within the stated period in the life policy (i.e. Mr. Adam lives up to 61 years and above), the insurance company pays nothing no matter the premiums paid over the term of the policy.

Term assurance will pay the policy holder only if death occurs during the “term” of the policy, which can be up to 30 years. Beyond the “term”, the policy is null and void (i.e. worthless). Term life insurance policies are basically of two types:

o Level term: In this one, the death benefit remains constant throughout the duration of the policy.

o Decreasing term: Here, the death benefit decreases as the course of the policy’s term progresses.

It should be note that Term Life Insurance can be used in a debtor-creditor scenario. A creditor may decide to insure the life of his debtor for a period over which the debt repayment is expected to be completed, so that if the debtor dies within this period, the creditor (being the policy-holder) gets paid by the insurance company for the sum assured).

Endowment Life Insurance

In Endowment Life Insurance, the life of the policy holder is insured for a specific period of time (say, 30 years) and if the person insured is still alive after the policy has timed out, the insurance company pays the policy-holder the sum assured. However, if the person assured dies within the “time specified” the insurance company pays the beneficiary.

For example, Mr. Adam took an Endowment Life Insurance for 35 years when he was 25 years of age. If Mr. Adam is lucky to attain the age of 60 (i.e. 25 + 35), the insurance company will pay the policy-holder (i.e. whoever is paying the premium, probably Mr. Adam if he is the one paying the premium) the sum assured. However, if Mr. Adam dies at the age of 59 years before completing the assured time of 35 years, his sum assured will be paid to his beneficiary (i.e. policy-holder). In case of death, the sum assured is paid at the age which Mr. Adam dies.

Fixed vs Adjustable Rates

Apples vs. oranges. Boxers vs. briefs. Dave Letterman vs. Jay Leno. These debates may rage on for decades, and we can add another one to the list: fixed vs. adjustable. We’re speaking, of course, of fixed rate and adjustable rate mortgages.

Let’s start the discussion by talking about risk. If I had to pick one word that explained the mortgage industry, it would be risk. If you can understand the concept of risk and how it relates to mortgages, you’re way ahead of the game. In a nutshell, riskier loans mean higher interest rates; you compensate the person lending you money by paying them a higher interest rate. If you have low FICO scores, this is a higher risk to the investor since you don’t have a good history of paying your bills on time, so you’re going to have to pay a higher rate. If you can’t verify enough income to qualify for the loan, this is a higher risk and you’re going to have to pay a higher interest rate.

As it relates to this discussion, the longer you ask the lender to guarantee your interest rate, the higher risk for them since they’re guaranteeing the rate you get but they don’t know how much their funds are going to cost them going forward. This isn’t an easy concept to wrap your mind around, so don’t feel bad if you don’t get it yet. Lenders work on a concept called arbitrage, which is a fancy way of saying they borrow money at a certain rate and then lend it out to you. However, lenders don’t get money at 30-year fixed rates, so when they borrow money they have to try to gauge what it’s going to cost them over the time they lend it to you. If you’re following me so far, you can understand why they would charge a higher rate to guarantee you a certain rate for 30 years as opposed to 3 or 5 years. Now, on to our discussion…

On the one hand, we have fixed rate advocates. These days, this is a relatively easy argument to make since rates are at 40-year lows. The main reason to get a fixed-rate mortgage, whether it be a 15-, 20-, or 30-year fixed, is to protect yourself from adjustable interest rates. When you get a fixed rate loan, you know exactly what your payments are going to be and they’re not going to change for the life of the loan. In a time when rates are rising, a fixed rate mortgage gives you the security of knowing that you’re safe.

On the other hand, there are the adjustable rate advocates. The main argument here, in a nutshell, is that you shouldn’t pay for something you don’t need. A great majority of people out there will only keep their mortgage for 3-5 years. Maybe it’s a job change, maybe it’s an expanding or contracting family, a refinance for home improvements or college for the kids, or any number of life circumstances. Since you’re probably not going to keep your mortgage for 15 or 30 years, you’re probably better off to get a lower adjustable rate mortgage and pocket the difference.

I’m not going to say one argument is better than the other. There’s no such thing as a “good” or “bad” loan, but there are loans that are better or worse for certain people. In my career as a mortgage consultant, I can tell you that I’ve done very few fixed rate loans. I only recommend them in two cases – when people are on a fixed income and need to know exactly what to expect from their mortgage, or when people are absolutely sure that they’re not going to move or need to refinance for many, many years. In a great majority of cases, people don’t need a fixed rate loan and would in fact be much better off with a loan that accomplishes their goals and saves them money in the long term. Like oranges vs. apples or Letterman vs. Leno, fixed vs. adjustable is not a debate that can be definitively settled, but I hope I’ve helped you figure out which one may be right for you.

Seven Splendid Reasons Why You Should Hire a Buyer’s Advocate

Buyers advocates or buyers agents are capable real estate professionals who are hired by people interested in buying property. Unlike traditional real estate agents, buyers advocates only work for purchasers. Their goal is to achieve the best possible purchase price for their clients, as well as make sure their rights are being respected.

Life in the 21st century is hectic, and today, the amount of people taking advantage of a buyer’s agent is increasing steadily. Because of their busy schedules they count on the exclusive services of these experts to help them find and buy the property of their dreams, regardless if this is a condo, a townhouse, a single detached home, an apartment, or a commercial building.

One of the main reasons why property purchasers hire buyers advocates is because it will save them time and money. Other motives are:

1. Familiarity with the region

A proficient property buyer’s advocate is familiar with the areas their clients are interested in. They know exactly what properties are in demand, what amenities are available, where the schools are, the local property values, and much more.

2. Locating suitable properties

Buyers advocates review hundreds of properties each week. They will also inspect as many listed homes as they can to acquire a feel of what is available on the current market. Their clients do not have to spend hours researching the property listings on the Internet or in newspapers, nor do they have to run all over the area to view properties. A buyer’s agent will do the preliminary work for them and present them with a shortlist.

3. Finding properties before they are listed

Through their professional contacts, buyers advocates often locate properties before they are officially listed. Many times, they also hear about silent sales, which purchasers without a buyer’s agent would miss out on. Although most sellers will list their home, some prefer to keep their property sale quiet. Some sellers do not want to deal with invasive home inspections and open houses, while others want to save on advertising costs.

4. Increased selection

As established buyers advocates have a full range of real estate to choose from, and have access to these properties’ information, they are able to find more suitable homes or commercial building than their clients would on their own.

5. Taking care of prep work

Buying property is more than shaking hands and handing over a set of keys. Buyer’s agents also act as liaisons between their clients and property valuers, building inspectors, pest consultants, surveyors, contractors and everyone else involved in the buying process. They also make sure their clients receive good value for their money.

6. Performing negotiations

The members of a buyer’s agency are trained to negotiate. Using a variety of techniques and strategies, they will discuss and bargain with real estate agents until their clients will receive the best possible deal.

7. Professional connections

Most property buyers advocates deal with solicitors, financial institutions, building inspectors, contractors, and other professionals involved in the purchase of real estate. Because they have such an extensive network of professional connections, these property agents can recommend reliable craftsmen who will charge competitive rates to their clients. Renovations or upgrades will be affordable and finished in no time.

With the help of a buyers advocate agency, you too can find affordable property in your preferred neighborhood!